*Some time last year I participated in a conference on ‘sport and discrimination’ held by the University of Sunderland at their London campus. ‘Discrimination’ evoked ideas of ‘racism’, ‘prejudice’, ‘abuse’ and also a resistance to, a mediating of, and also an avoidance of. In my paper I wanted to stress not the act of discriminating against someone, but rather the more affirming act of not being determined or shaped by the racist behaviour of others. I used the story of Shane Edwards, a Richmond footballer, as my main antagonist; but the sheer importance of Adam Goodes, meant that I would also include him in the final version of the paper. As a boy, footballers were largely my heroes: for their brilliance on the field. Latterly, however, I am letting footballers become my teachers of Aboriginal Australian geography and Aboriginal Australian history. I grew up largely ignorant of Aboriginal Australian history and my education at a private school taught me that Australian history – let alone Aboriginal Australian history – was of passing importance at best. So, the paper I gave, was a starting point for my own coming to terms with Aboriginal Australia. As good as 40 years too late. Below are some articles that research the meeting point of Aboriginal Australia with sport, primarily footy. The name of this post comes from a recently published article by Sean Gorman et al (2016).
A (Starting) Bibliography
Burdsey, D., and S. Gorman. 2015.“When Adam met Rio: conversations on racism, anti-racism and multiculturalism in the Australian Football League and English Premier League.” Sport in Society, Vol. 18, No. 5, pp. 577-587.
Cazaly, Ciannon ‘Off the Ball: Football’s History Wars’, Meanjin 67, No. 4, 2008, pp.82–7.
Flanagan, M., The Call, Sydney: Allen and Unwin, 1998
Gardiner, G., ‘“Levelling the Playing Field”: Indigenous Footballers, Human Rights and the Australian Football League’s Racial and Religious Vilification Code’, in T. Taylor (ed.), How You Play The Game: The Contribution of Sport to the Promotion of Human Rights (Sydney: UTS, 1999), 152–58.
Godwell, D., ‘Playing the Game: Is Sport as Good for Race Relations as We’d Like to Think?’, Australian Aboriginal Studies 1, no. 2 (2000)
Goodes, Adam ‘The Indigenous Game: a Matter of Choice’, in Geoff Slattery (ed.), in Geoff Slattery (ed.), The Australian Game of Football: Since 1858, Melbourne: Geoff Slattery Publishing, 2008, pp. 175–85
Gorman, Sean, Barry Judd, Keir Reeves, Gary Osmond, Matthew Klugman & Gavan McCarthy, 2016, “Aboriginal Rules: The Black History of Australian Football”, The International Journal of the History of Sport, DOI: 10.1080/09523367.2015.1124861
Gorman, Sean, ‘Blak Magik: Indigenous Identity and the Media in the 1980s’, in P. Burke and J. Senyard (eds), Behind the Play: Football in Australia, Melbourne: Maribyrnong Press, 2008, pp. 189-99.
Gorman, S. 2013. “A short letter and a long march: Michael Long and the Stolen Generations.” In Dalziell, T. and Genoni, P. (eds.) Telling Stories: Australian Life and Literature 1935-2012, Australia: Monash University Publishing, pp. 518-524.
Gorman, S., and K. Reeves. 2012.“Managing Diversity: Reviewing Rule 30 and the Implications of the Racial Vilification Laws in the Australian Football League since 1995.” Journal of Australian Indigenous Issues 15 (2): 14-22.
Gorman, S. 2012.“Voices from the boundary line: the Australian Football League’s Indigenous Team of the Century.” Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics 15 (7): 1014-1025.
Gorman, S. 2011. Legends: The AFL Indigenous Team Of the Century, Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.
Gorman, S. 2010.“Sporting Chance: Indigenous Participation in Australian Sport History.” Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 2 (2): 12-22.
Hawke, S., Polly Farmer: A Biography, Fremantle: Fremantle Arts Centre Press, 1994
Hibbins, G., ‘A Seductive Myth’, in Geoff Slattery (ed.), The Australian Game of Football: Since 1858, Melbourne: Geoff Slattery Publishing, 2008.
Judd, Barry, On the Boundary Line: Colonial Identity in Football, Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2008
Judd, Barry, ‘Joe Johnson: The First Aborigine in the VFL?’, Journal of Australian Indigenous Issues, 8, no. 2 (2005)
Judd, B., ’The Question of Indigenous Origins and the Unlevel Playing Fields: Outside the Boundary’, in C.J. Hallinan and B. Judd (eds), Indigenous People, Race Relations and Australian Sport, London: Routledge, 2014.
Judd, B. and T. Butcher, ‘To Play Papunya: The Problematic Interface Between a Remote Aboriginal Community and the Organization of Australian Football in Central Australia’, Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics, 2014, pp. 1–9.
Judd, B. and C. Hallinan, ‘Duelling Paradigms: Australian Aborigines, Marn-Grook and Football Histories’, in C.J. Hallinan and B. Judd (eds), Indigenous People, Race Relations and Australian Sport, London: Routledge, 2014.
Mackinnon, B.Hearn, The Liam Jurrah Story: From Yuendumu to the MCG, Melbourne: Victory Books, 2011.
de Moore, G., Tom Wills: His Spectacular Rise and Tragic Fall, Melbourne: Allen and Unwin, 2009.
Nadel, D. ‘Aborigines and Australian Football: The Rise and Fall of the Purnim Bears’, Sporting Traditions, Vol. 9, No.o. 2 (1993), 23–35.
Osmond, G. and Matthew Klugman, Black and Proud: The Story of an Iconic AFL Photo, Sydney: NewSouth, 2013.
Poulter, J., Marn-Grook: Original Aussie Rules, Melbourne: J. Poulter, 2003
Reeves, K., S. Gorman, D. Lusher, C. Cazaly, M. Ponsford, and P. Leonard. 2012.“Measuring Harmony, Multiculturalism and Reconciliation: Australian Football League’s Racial and Religious Vilification Laws.” Journal of Australian Indigenous Issues 15 (2): 51-63.
Ruddell, T, ‘Albert “Pompey” Austin: The First Aborigine to Play Senior Football’, in Peter Burke and June Senyard (eds), Behind the Play: Football in Australia, Melbourne: Maribyrnong Press, 2008.
Stephen, M., Contact Zones: Sport and Race in the Northern Territory 1869–1953, Darwin: Charles Darwin University Press, 2010.
Tatz, C. and P. Tatz, Black Gold: The Aboriginal and Islander Sports Hall of Fame (Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press, 2000)
Tatz, C., Obstacle Race: Aborigines in Sport: Sydney: University of New South Wales Press, 1995